Thursday, March 8, 2012

Reading Analysis - Sentence Analysis - Logical Analysis



Primary level: Reading Analysis

  • begun just before word study with most activities parallel with one another
  • work with clauses (groups of words which contain a subject and verb); there are two types of clauses: independent and dependent.[1] In the casa, we deal with simple sentences.[2]
  • work with clauses pertinent to their reading or life experiences


It is important to remember that the purpose of reading analysis is not to teach grammar or sentence diagramming. Reading analysis gives the child an understanding and an appreciation of sentence structure and style, leading to total reading and creative writing.


Elementary level: Sentence Analysis (or Logical Analysis - same thing!)
  • same material, and then some!
  • we give the names of the parts of speech involved
  • use selections from excellent literature that the children are reading (Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories are particularly excellent for this work), as well as sentences about them
  • do not use pre-prepared sentences
  • complete sentences of varying degrees


How things are labeled by materials manufacturers is another story.




Materials - primary:
  • Box 1 – Loose material: 2 circles (black, red) and 4 blank black arrows (stage 1)
  • Box 2 – 2 black arrows w/printed questions (1 large/1 medium), black circles, red circle (stage 2)
  • Box 3 – red circle, 3 printed black arrows, 3 black circles, 10 orange arrows, 10 orange circles (stage 3)
  • Box 4 – 2 blue arrows, 2 blue triangles, 1 black triangle (stage 3)
  • chart for primary


Materials - elementary: 
  • 2 boxes: one set with questions; one without; this is basically a complete set of primary boxes 1-3, with no "duplicates"
  • 3rd box: adds the contents of box 4 from primary (could have one set with questions and one without the questions). 
  • compound sentences box with squares labeled a-f
  • analysis charts A, B, C





[1] Independent clause: can stand alone as a sentence, begins with a capital and ends with a terminal punctuation.
Dependent clause: cannot stand along as a sentence.
[2] 4 types of sentences: simple (1 independent clause and no dependent clauses; can be mistakenly missed by its length, as it can be short or long; can have compound subjects as well as compound verbs and predicates); compound (at least 2 independent clauses joined in one of three ways: comma, coordinating conjunction, semicolon); complex (1 independent clause and 1+ subordinate clause); compound complex (at least 2 independent clauses legitimately bound and 1+ subordinate clause). 


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