Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Science in Primary Montessori

Science in Primary Montessori


Maria Montessori called her sensorial materials “keys to the world” – with these keys, the child can classify his world. He should have real-life experiences, with key presentations presentations to help him order, classify, identify and organize the world around him.

At primary, we focus more on zoology and botany (life science) and on physical geography (continents, countries, own state). This lays the foundation for the elementary level work, but is significant in itself. These are truly the keys for a primary age child.

Listed below are the Tables of Contents from the AMI primary albums with the presentations that are explicitly scientific in nature. Truly, science permeates all areas to some degree, so even those items I have chosen not list may still include review of scientific concepts.






Exercises of Practical Life
Table of Contents


Care of the Environment


How to Dust Leaves


How to Care for Plants


How to Arrange Flowers


How to Make Lemon Water


How to Wash Fruits and Vegetables


How to Peel & Cut Fruits and Vegetables


How to Bake   (CHEMISTRY)





Grace and Courtesy


Grace and Courtesy regarding the Outdoors; animals, plants





Visual Art – Use art skills to illustrate science experiences


Rubbings (Exploration of Texture)


Contour Drawing with Crayon (Exploration of Line)





Practical life: GET the children OUTSIDE. 




Language
Table of Contents

Spoken: Vocabulary Enrichment
Orientation Game
Naming Objects in the Environment
Collecting Classified Objects
Practical Life Objects
Parts of an Object
Language of the Sensorial Materials
Three Period Lesson
Classified Cards - Social
Related Objects Game - Presentations A & B
Description/Definition Game
Stories – Biological Classifications
    The Story of Living and Non-Living Matter
    The Story of Plants and Animals
    The Story of the Five Classes of Vertebrates
Sorting Game – Biology Classifications
Nomenclature Cards – Scientific
Life Cycles
Oral Language Games

Spoken: Language Development – unlisted components contain science concepts
Cultural Folders
     Extension: fictional story telling
Land and Water Form Folders
Land and Water Form Outline Maps
Biome Folders
My State

Writing – unlisted components can still use science concepts
Map Making (GEOGRAPHY)

Writing - Art of Handwriting
Book Making – creting books of own accord

Reading Classification – all stages bring in scientific concepts
Presentation I – Classifying the Environment
Presentation II – Cards with Labels
     A. Social
     B. Scientific
     C1. Biology Classifications: Living and Non-Living
     C2: Biology Classifications: Plant and Animal
     C3: Biology Classifications: Five Classes of Vertebrates
     Extension: Mix and sort - work up to 5 sets
Presentation III – Definition Stages

Reading: Function of Words – phrases used contain scientific concepts, particularly zoology

Word Study – unlisted aspects bring in life science concepts for review
Animal Collectives
Animals and Their Young
Animal Sounds
Animal Homes
Animal Families

Reading Analysis – could use sentences related to to scientific concepts.

Language Extension
Who Am I?
Introduction to Biology
Introducing Animals
Plant Study and Experiments





Sensorial
Table of Contents

The ENTIRE sensorial album sets a child up to properly classify his world around him; giving him the world’s characteristics in concretized abstraction. See the introduction to the sensorial album for more details.





Prologue



Education as an Aid to Life



Introduction to Sensorial



Three Period Lesson







Visual

Dimension

Cylinder Blocks

Dimension

Pink Tower

Dimension

Brown Stair

Dimension

Red Rods

Color

Color Tablets Box I

Color

Color Tablets Box II

Color

Color Tablets Box III

Shape

Geometry Cabinet

Shape

Geometry Cards

Shape

Leaf Cabinet

Shape

Leaf Cards



Constructive Triangles

Combined

     Rectangular Box A

Combined

     Rectangular Box B

Combined

     Triangular Box

Combined

     Large Hexagonal Box

Combined

     Small Hexagonal Box

Combined

     12 Blue Triangles

Combined

Binomial Cube

Combined

Trinomial Cube

Combined

Graded Geometric Figures

Combined

Decanomial Square

Dimension

Knobless Cylinders







Tactile



Sensitizing Fingers



Touch Boards



Touch Tablets



Blindfold



Fabrics







Baric



Baric Tablets







Thermic



Thermic Bottles



Thermic Tablets







Gustatory



Tasting Bottles







Olfactory



Smelling Bottles







Auditory



Sound Cylinders



Bells







Stereognostic



Geometry Solids



Stereognostic Bags



Mystery Bag







Sensorial Aspects of the World


Introduction to the Sensorial Aspects of the World


Sandpaper Globe



Continents Globe



World Puzzle Map



Continent Puzzle Map



Own Country Puzzle Map



Land and Water Forms



Oceans Globe



Flags



Climatic Zones







Appendices



Scope and Sequence



Materials List



Language of the Sensorial Materials

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